Famous by the name Himalayan Pyramid, this temple is an 8th-century monolithic rock cut temple complex of 15 temples chiseled out of a single rock.
Main temple is in the center rest 14 temples are divided equally on either side of it. The temple in the center is carved inside, rest of the 14 temples (7 on either side of the central temple) are carved only on the outside.
These temples are of Indo-Aryan style and creative sculptural decoration of that period and are almost similar to the rock cut temples of Ajanta-Ellora in Maharashtra and Mahabalipuram in Tamilnadu.
Masrur temples are the only rock cut place of worship in the Northern India.
The main shrine, called the Thakurdwara, contains
three richly carved black stone images of
Ram, Lakshman and Sita.
The stone images of these gods from the time of
Mahabharata are worshiped by Hindu devotees who
come from far and near.
The entire temple complex is situated on a hill and
provides spectacular views of the terrains beyond.
It is believed that the temple was built by an ardent Lord Shiva devotee, Raja Yashoverdhan. The presence of the figure of Lord Shiva in the doorway also gives a strong indication that the temple was originally dedicated to Lord Shiva.
This historical temple is partially in ruins because of a massive earthquake of 1905.The earthquake of April 1905 caused an extensive damage to the temple complex and resulted in the collapse of ornamental shikhars, pillars, roof tops and other idols.
Since then the sequential earthquakes of 1968, 1978 and 1986 affected the Masrur temples.
According to the legend the Pandavas resided here during their long exile from their kingdom. In one of the areas of the temple there is a dungeon with a half built staircase. The local legend suggests that the Pandavas had unfolded the secret to build the stairway to heaven, but on the condition that the stairway should be built before the early morning hours. Lord Indra (the king of Heaven) was worried about this as upon the completion of that staircase the heaven would be accessible to all earthly beings without the Lord Indra's discretion. He disguised himself as a rooster and crowed loudly before the early dawn. The Pandavas upon hearing the rooster crowing thought that they were unable to complete the stairway before the early morning. They left the stairway uncompleted. One can still see that uncompleted staircase at Masroor
The temple complex is located on a hilltop at a height of 2500 feet from the mean sea level and has an adjoining large and rectangular tank which is nearly 50 m in length and remains filled with water throughout the year and is as old as temple itself. The pond is filled with temple fish (not for fishing-holy fish).
appropriately ranking amongst the best rock
carved monuments across the length and
breadth of India, tourists visiting this rock
cut temples are mesmerized by the grandeur
and magnificence of the statues, carvings
and sculpture adorning the walls of the
After the devastation of 1905 earthquake in which temple got lot of damages to its shikhars and pillars the ASI decided to preserve the heritage of this temple and hence some of the original shikharas belonging to these temples are now exhibited in the State Museum of Shimla.
Masroor Rock Cut temple:-
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